RAFAEL TO COLONEL SECOND IN COMMAND, SEPTEMBER 3, 1901
[Spanish. A.L.S. P.I.R., 2019.8 ]
In margin: No. 121. Stamp: Samar Regiment, Office of the Lieutenant Colonel - -2nd Battalion.
SEPTEMBER 3, 1901.
To the Colonel second in command:
In compliance with your communication number 157 of the 24th ultimo,
regarding the manner of studying the best plan of making a decisive
attack upon a smaller detachment [than my own], I have the
honor to inform you as follows:
Yesterday about seven a.m. I took up the march personally with
all the guerrillas of my battaliDn towards Kapatagan, in order to make
a decisive attack on the detachment of the enemy in Quiabong.
On our arrival at Kapatagan at exactly twelve o'clock of the same
day, I was obliged to recruit immediately some bolomen Df the said
barrio, and during the day was able to gather more than 100 bolomen,
my intention being to combine them with our force as instructed in
your said communication.
At half past five on the same day, the entire force took up the
march towards Quiabong, where there is a small detachment of the
enemy, in order to make the attack at night, and when we were already
near the town and on the point of placing the entire force on the
site designated for the commencement of the attack, the bolomen
began to run to the rear without any orders, instead of entering the
town, as, being very cowardly, there is no commander who can control
them; the guerrillas when they saw this action were obliged to retreat,
without having had any success in entering the town.
Well, Colonel, there is nothing to be done with the bolo men which
I have, here; they are of no use for fighting and it is impossible to
comply with what you order, for this plan, as I had the honor of
communicating to you in my communication No. 114 dated the 23rd
ultimo, has already failed three times through the cowardice of the
bolomen, who when they arrive in front of a detachment of the enemy
disappear from the view of our guerrillas in a twinkling.
In order to be able to make an attack like that of Katubig last
year, it is necessary, Colonel, that you secure in one of the towns on
the coast on the other side, excepting Catubig, about 150 bolomen of
the most decided and courageous character to cooperate with the infantry
under my command, leaving to my care the best plan of attack
when I have the bolomen referred to in this place; for I have observed
that with the people here it is impossible to execute the plan we
With regard to the reconcentration of all the guerrillas in order
to make my battalion a flying column and beseige an enemy's detachment
of smaller size, as you order, I believe, Colonel, that it is impossible
to do so because we would in this manner do a reckless act,
as we are already well surrounded in this place by the enemy, who
occupies eight posts, namely, Catbalogan, Quiabong, Motiong, Kalanan,
Calbiga, Villa Real, Santa Rita and Basey, these posts being at a distance
of about one and a half hours from each other, and it being
easy for one post to come to the assistance of the other. I mention
the difficulties to you in order to prevent what might happen later in
the event of a sudden attack upon the enemy, which can be effected
only by one blow and not by a seige.
The four pesos and fifty cents which you state you send me in
your said communication by Sergeant del Rosario, the balance due from
the last account, has not been received in the office of the Lieutenant
Colonel, nor has this sergeant delivered any other money.
I have the honor to communicate the foregoing to you for your information
and consequent effects.
God preserve you many years.
CAMP OF CATBALOGAN, September 3, 1901.
(Signed) FRANCISCO RAFAEL,