LUKBAN TO PEOPLE OF SAMAR AND LEYTE, JANUARY 1, 1899
[Original in Spanish and Visayan. Printed document. P.I.R., 1055.4.]
JANUARY 1, 1899.
Fellow-citizens of Samar and Leyte.
For more than three hundred years have we been enduring the
Spaniards. Having suffered and been saddened by the unfortunate fate
of our sons and the increase in outrages and besides the day having
arrived for the cry of Liberty, we decided to shed our blood and lose
our property, with the sole end in view of freeing ourselves from such
an odious domination, and, Thank Heaven! our efforts have been crowned
We no longer are slaves exploited by the Spaniards; we no longer
blush on account of our condition, because our beloved Filipinas has
entered the concert of civilized nations, and bears upon her forehead the
seal of achievement and honor. And you, children of Samar and Leyte,
participate in all this happiness, although you did not cooperate in the
Now that it has become an imperious necessity to consolidate our
Republic; now that powerful aggressions may occur, and now that we
must endeavor to keep from returning to slavery and sufferings; it
becomes absolutely necessary, brothers, that you come to our help with
your lives and property, as you are not ignorant of the ignominious
fate which awaits us, if we do not strengthen ourselves and unite. Will
you permit that this, our soil, legally ours, should again be taken from
us? Will you perhaps tolerate that this state of oppression, of tears
and of exploitation be imposed upon us by any Power?
The loss of property does not pain us, nor do we care for life;
as apart from the dishonor and misery into which we would fall, we
are called upon to fulfill the duty of working for the common good;
if we do not live to see days of complete prosperity and welfare, let us
be satisfied with the assurance that our children, that our grand children,
will gather tpe sweet fruits of the beautiful tree of our dreamed·of
Let our wills be entire and united; cast out of your breasts party
spirit, which is eminently anti-social, and which will redound to our
opprobrium and enervate our energies; let us pray to God, as in Him
lies victory; let us dedicate ourselves to honest labor, by breaking, and
profiting from, this fertile soil, coveted by strangers; let us obey with
full faith and good will the orders of our governors; and, beloved
brethren, let us unite our efforts to secure the strength, wealth, good
report and honor of our new born Republic.
JANUARY 1, 1899.