MEETING IN SARA, OCTOBER 6, 1899
[Original in Spanish. D.S. P.I.R., 1046.2.]
OCTOBER 6, 1899.
In the pueblo of Sara, on the sixth of October, eighteen-hundred and
ninety-nine, there having met in the Presidential-House the Seņores:
Councilors of Justice, Revenues and Police; the Local Presidentes and popular
boards, and the persons of the highest standing of the pueblos of
Sara, Ajuy, Concepcion, Santo Domingo and Lemery; and the Military
Commander of this province with the officers under his orders who had
been formally invited beforehand; the session was called to order by the
Presidente, Isidro Garcia y Villaruel at five o'clock in the afternoon. The
Presidente read the official communication from the General Headquarters
of Santa Barbara and the decrees of our Honorable President Seņor
Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, which caused the aforesaid official communication,
which are as follows:
"Headquarters No. 61.
"Under this date there has been published a decree of the Honorable
General-in-chief, the tenor thereof being as follows:
"In the General Headquarters of Santa Barbara, on the 21st of September,
1899, at half-past twelve in the afternoon, a delegation of the
military element, bringing with it an armed force, composed of the entire
garrison of this post and a company of the forces on duty with our advance
lines, appeared at this General Headquarters asking that the Politico-Military
Government be established in this province according to the
instructions of the Central Government of Luzon. Whereas, the state of
affairs, through which this country in general and this province in particular
are passing, is hard in the extreme and counsels the maintenance
of order at all costs, in order to avoid that the latter be disturbed in the
least, on account of the utmost importance thereof; as General-in-chief of
the army, appointed Politico-Military Governor by the Government of the
nation, I hereby decree the following:
"Only Article. The Politico-Military Government is from this moment
hereby declared constituted, and I take charge of the office of
Military and Civil Chief of this province.
"Given in this Headquarters of Santa Barbara, date ut supra.
"MARTIN DELGADO (Rubricated).
"I have the honor of transcribing the above for your information and
the proper purposes.
"God preserve you many years for our liberty and independence.
CORTEZA (rubricated), Acting Chief of the General Staff, General Headquarters
of Santa Barbara, September 21, 1899. To the Provincial Presidente
of the Province of Concepcion."
There is a stamp which reads: 'Staff of the Liberating Army of
"There is a letter-head which reads: 'Philippine Republic. Council
of Government.' (There is here quoted the Decree of Emilio Aguinaldo,
dated San Isidro, April 27, 1899, dissolving the Federal Council of Iloilo.
"I refer the foregoing to you for compliance therewith.
"God preserve you many years.
"San Isidro, April 28, 1899.
"There is a seal which reads as follows: 'Philippine Republican Government,
Office of the President of the Council.
"To Seņor Martin Delgado, Politico-Military Governor of Iloilo.
"The above agrees with its original which is on file in the General
Headquarters, forwarded to this government, in Kabatuan, on August 8,
1899, certified to by me, the General Secretary.
"There is a seal: 'Philippine Republic. Council of the Federal State
"There is a letter-head: 'Philippinne Republic. Council of Government.'
"To General MARTIN T. DELGADO, Iloilo.
(GENERAL: I transmit you by order of the President, Emilio Aguinaldo,
your appointment as Politico-Military Governor of that province and
the prescriptions adopted by the National Government in view of the present
state of affairs.
The government has become informed that the majority of the members
of the Federal Council have remained in the pueblos occupied by the
American forces; therefore it has believed that the time has come to dissolve
the same, as the present state of the country requires the greatest possible
unity between all the islands in order to repel the foreign invasion.
Whenever peace is born again and national independence is assured, there
might be formed a better constituted Regional Government, whenever the
true represntatives of the Islands composing the Visayas group may so elect.
"We have recommended General Diocno not to withdraw his active
cooperation from you and to recognize you as chief of operations while
the war lasts in that province. You may, with his concurrence, place a
delegate in charge of the politico-military government of Antike, or recognize
the one elected by the Principales of the latter province, in either
case, provisionally untll the approval of this government is given.
"The President places great confidence in your ability and loyalty,
Which has already been demonstrated in a most evident manner.
"I greet you with the greatest affection and consideration.
"SAN ISIDRO, April 28, 1899.
"There is a seal which follows: 'Philippine Republican Government.
Office of the President of the Council.'
"The above agrees with the original which is on file in the General
Headquarters and forwarded to this government, in Kabatuan, on August
8, 1899, certified to by me, the Secretary General.
"There is a seal which follows: Philippine Republic. Council of the
Federal State of Visayas."
Following the above reading the Presidente spoke in the most eloquent
terms of the patriotism of those who had composed the dissolved Council
of the Federal State of Visayas; and of the prudence and good sense
with which the military demonstration had been conducted in asking our
Honorable General-in-Chief for the establishment of the politico-military
government in the province of Iloilo, according to the instructions of the
Central government. Said Presidente also stated that there having been
put into operation the constitution provided for in the aforesaid instructions,
and considering the spirit thereof, it was a logical deduction that
this province should be governed under the same organization as was at
present established in the province of Iloilo; therefore, it was necessary
that the mass-meeting (without prejudice to ascertaining, and respecting,
the will of the local authorities and the element of the most prestige in
the pueblos of Batod, Estancia, Balazan and Carlos, who had failed to attend,
as to whether or not they would adhere to whatever is set forth in
this minute, of which a copy shall be sent to said aUlthorities), should
deliberate for the purpose of electing a military chief for the office of
the politico-military government of this province, in whom could be invested
the command of the same, and, with respect to the Provincial
Council alluded to in the decree of April 28 last, the present Seņores councillors
might continue in their offices in the judgment of said President,
unless those at the mass-meeting should desire to hold new elections; at
the same time the Presidente entreated those present that the election
for the offices above-mentioned should be as impartial as possible, with.
out regard Ito any obligations whatsoever, and that they should only consider
the welfare of the pueblos, in order that united they might enter
into the concert of the other provinces which have succeeded in crowning
their efforts with suC'cess, which is progress.
The gentlemen attending the meeting having been informed of the
object of the session, by acclamation, enthusiastically, and unanimously
elected for politico-military governor of this province the same President
Sefior Isidro Garcia y Villarruel, as said gentleman held the office of
Lieutenant Colonel of the Reserve Army, a position which he had to select
on account of his having been chosen for the office of civil provincial
The commanding military chief of this province, Seņor Nicholas, spoke
in the name of the military element and himself, stating that, upon
joining their votes to those of the persons attending the meeting, they
recognized in Lieutenant Colonel of the Reserve Army, Seņor Isidro Garcia
y Villarruel, the politico-military governor of this province.
Thereupon, the councillors, Lucio Bazan, Mateo Aldeguer, and Mariano
Malapaya, presented their resignations of their respective offices of
justice, revenues, and police: the gentlemen composing this meeting upon
being invited by the Presidente to proceed with the election of the persons
who were to fill the positions above-mentioned, all of them, with the exception
of the Local Presidente of Sara and the citizen Seņor Pablo Bastarechea,
unanimously again ratified their vote of confidence in the present
councillors above-mentioned; by virtue whereof the politico-military
Governor elect agreed that they should continue in their respective officeS
until the superior approval of the government of the nation should be
At this stage the outgoing provincial chief, being the same who was
elected to the office of politico-military governor of this province, agreed,
in conformity with the aforesaid mass-meeting, to take possession of the
politico-military government of the same from this time on, provisionally,
and to send a copy of this minute to the Government of the Philippine
Republic; and in order that the adjoining provinces might be informed
hereof, to communicate the same to the respective politico-military governors
At eight o'clock at night the proceedings were terminated, when this
minute was drawn up in triplicate and signed by the gentlemen present,
to which I, the councillor of justice, do certify.
(Signed) ISIDRO GARCIA.
(72 signatures follow.- TR.)