MALOLOS, JANUARY 24, 1899
[Contemporary copy in Spanish. P. I. R., Books C. 1 . ]
MALOLOS, January 24, 1899.
To the President of the Federal Council of Iloilo.
The National Government of the Republic has received the communications
and documents relating to current events in that place and has
taken note of the constitution of the Federal Council over which you
worthily preside, by virtue of a motion of Sr. Francisco Villanueva, alleging
verbal instructions received from the Hon. President of the Republic
The government ignoring said instructions which have not been confirmed
by the President, and confining itself to the fact of the constitution
of the federal council, is convinced that the system, in addition to being the
most perfect in republican principles, is the one best adapted perhaps to
the topography of our beloved country, for which reason he hopes that
in the end it will be the one to predominate.
Yet the fact of our being still compelled to struggle for our independence
and that the political constitution of the Philippine Republic promulgated
by Congress provisionally until its ratification by the legal
representatives of the Visayas and Mindanao has been approved, it would
appear wise to have a form which would produce the greatest cohesion
and solidity of interests between the different islands composing this lovely
archipelago and the establishment of a central government which would
consolidate them. This would result in making more palpable to foreign
eyes our solid unity, the most secure shield against the ambition of the
And postponing a further explanation of the instructions and wishes
of the government to future communications, the early departure of the
steamer not permitting of greater length at present. I shall confine myself
to transmitting to you, by order of the President of the Republic
the following decisions:
1. That the council designate special delegates to supervise the elections
of the provincial councils and local boards and representatives of
each province of the island of Panay, in accordance with the organic
decree of June 18th last; also that it administer the oath to those elected
according to the form adopted by this government.
Immediately thereafter the persons elected shall take provisional
possession of their respective offices and shall so fill the same until the
elections being approved by this government they receive their certificates.
2. The representatives elected in each province must seize the first
opportunity to come to this capital and take part in the proceedings of
the National Assembly.
3. It will be the endeavor to continue all the taxes and imposts in
force during the Spanish rule and to administer them to the satisfaction
of the tax payers, as they constitute the only indispensable revenues for
the support of the State until some economic plan be devised bearing
more lightly on the citizens .
4. The Council, with the concurrence of the military chiefs, shall have
special care of every thing pertaining to the defense and security of the
Visayas and shall permit no foreign invasion, whatever sacrifices it may
cost, with the assurance that the National Government will not tolerate
any attempt on any integral portion of its territory.
5. The Council shall enjoin the civil and military authorities to
energetically watch over individual liberty and interests, suppressing every
kind of abuse, taking care not to fall into the vices and faults of the late
6. The council shall send copies of these instructions to the local
government of the Island of Negros, in order that it may carry them out
in the island.
Which I take pleasure in communicating to you, confiding in the
prudence and patriotism of the Visayas.
MALOLOS, January 24, 1899.