Photo by Shane
Killed in battle at Duero, Bohol, December 15, 1900
His name appears on the 44th Inf USV Memorial at Ft. Leavenworth

Jay R. Young (born 11 Nov 1876 in Bell Center, Wisconsin) was the younger brother of my grandfather Joseph H. "Joe" Young (born 31 May 1871 in Bell Center.WI). They moved to Kansas in the early 1880s) After the sinking of the battleship USS Maine in Havana harbor on 15 Feb 1898 public sentiment caused the U.S. Congress to declare War on Spain on 25 Apr 1898. My grandfather went to Cuba in 1898 as a war correspondent and photographer for the Kansas City STAR.. Early that year the state of Kansas was asked to raise three regiments of infantry. Joe's younger brother Jay was one of nineteen young Kansas men who went to Norton, KS in early May to enlist.. Jay served in Co. G. 22nd Kansas Volunteer Infantry from May until his company mustered out in Nov., 1898. Although the U.S. declared victory over Spain in the 10 Dec 1898 Treaty of Paris, the Philippines did not recognize the conquest and continued to fight against the U.S.in what became known as the Philippine Insurrection that continued until 2 Sep 1902 (after which the Philippines continued as a U.S. Territory until Independence was granted in 1946). Jay R. Young had returned to his home town of Oberlin, KS after his service in the 22nd Kansas Vol. Infantry. On 2 Sep 1899 he re-enlisted for service to combat the Philippine Insurrection. He was assigned to Co. C, 44th U.S. Infantry which was shipped off to the Philippines. Jay survived two engagements unharmed before his company had an encounter with insurgents in the Battle of Duero on Bohol Island. Bohol is the 10th largest island in the Philippine Archipelago and it suffered fighting all over the island.Company C was stationed at Jagua on the Coast of Bohol.- across the island from Company B which was stationed at Tubigon. In fighting on 15 Dec 1900 at Duero (near the company C's Jagua base) the Americans were in close combat with native "bolomen" who used bolo knives because of lack of ammunition. A casualty list sent by Gen. Arthur McArthur reported that there were three killed in action and five wounded that day (two of whom subsequently died of injuries). Cpl. Ellett of Illinois and Pat Sliger of Tennessee died instantly and Jay Young died about 30 minutes after being stabbed. Jay's body was returned to San Francisco and then home to Oberlin in October, 1901 and he was buried in the Oberlin Cemetery on 27 Oct 1901.
- Robert Joseph Christopher "Bob" Young

Jay's father served in the civil war and Jay's uncle is my 3rd gg Pvt. Ambrose Martin Young who served in the famous 6th Wisc. Iron Brigade ... We believe his grandfather Joseph Young served in the war of 1812
- Christopher McLatchey

"I would not ask for a better soldier, or a braver one. Never did man die a more heroic death than he."
- Capt. J. L. Anderson, Co. C., 44th Inft.

MANILA. (Received January 17, 1901-9.15 a. m.)


Killed—December 15, Duero, Bohol, C, Forty-fourth Infantry, Jay R. Young, Troy P. Sliger, Corpl. William P. Ellett. Wounded (extent not reported)—Wayne Eskridge, David N. Stark, Solomon Dotterer; January 12, Gapan, Luzon, C, Twenty-second Infantry, Edward D. Mason, hand, side, slight; December 7, Donsol, Luzon, D, Forty-seventh Infantry, Philip A. Hollenbeck, thumb, severe.


MacArthur, Jan 17 1901, 0915am, Casualties

Body of Soldier Brought Home.
The body of Jay R. Young, a private in company C, Forty-fourth volunteers, who was killed in the Philippines December 15 last, arrived at his home in Oberlin last week. The funeral was held at Oberlin, where the young man had spent the greater portion of his life, last Sunday. He was 23 years of age and his death was caused by a bolo wound.
The Goodland Republic - Fri. Nov 1901 - Body of Soldier Brought Home
Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Death of Jay R. Young.

In a letter from Sergeant Francis A. Briggs, dated December 25, 1900, to his parents, received by them Monday, February 11, he says of the death of Jay R. Young:

Captain Anderson had a fight on the 15th and three men were killed and five wounded. The killed were Corporal Ellett, of Illinois, Jay R. Young, of Oberlin, and Pat Sliger, of Tennessee. Corporal Ellett and Jay were cut up badly with bolos and Sliger was stabbed from the rear through the heart.

Two of the wounded have died since. There is fighting all over the island (Bohol) at present.

Captain Anderson told me the last words Jay Young said were: "Tell my mother I died like a soldier and that they would not have killed me if my gun had not failed." Jay lived about thirty minutes, after was cut up. The other two were killed instantly.

All of Company C are stationed at Jagua

Death of Jay R. Young - Oberlin Herald - Feb. 15, 1901
Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Death of Jay R. Young.

In the casualty list from the Philippines sent by General McArthur on January 17 and published in the dailies of January 18, among those reported killed in action on December 15, 1900 was the name published "Joy R. Nooung," of Company C., Forty-fourth Infantry.

As the company list bore no such name, and as it was similar to the name of Jay R. Young, of Oberlin, his brother, Joseph H. Young, immediately wired Adjutant General Corbin for particulars. The worst fears of the family and friends were confirmed by the following message in answer:

Washington, D.C. Jan. 21.

Theadocia Young,
Oberlin, Kans.

Soldier named Young reported killed in cablegram from Gen'l Mcarthur is Jay R. Young, private Company C, Forty-fourth Infantry, who was enlisted Sept. 2nd, 1899, at Oberlin Kans. Particulars will not be received until papers arrive by mail.

JOHNSTON, Asst. Adjt. General.

Jay R. Young was born at Bell Center, Wisconsin, Nov. 11, 1877.

The family came to Rawlins county, Kansas, in June 1880. Jay resided with his mother, Theadocia Young, in Rawlins county until the fall of 1896, when they removed to Oberlin. Jay's home was in Oberlin from that time.

Jay enlisted in Company G. Twenty-second Kansas, in May, 1898, and served with that company until it was mustered out in November of that year.

On Sept 2, 1899 Jay enlisted at Oberlin and was assigned to Company C., Forty-fourth Infantry. He remained in that company until the battle at Duero, Bohol Island, on December 15, where he was killed.

Jay had been in two engagements previous, but had escaped unharmed, and on Nov. 30, two weeks before his death, wrote a long, cheery letter to his brother, Joseph, where he recounted the winning of two first prizes given on a day set apart for athletic sports.

Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Provided by Christopher McLatchey


The Soldier's Body Home.

A Military Funeral to Be Given the Body

By the Dead Boy's Army Comrades, Assisted by All Oberlin.

The Burlington ... Tuesday noon brought the body ... Corporal Jay R. Young, who was killed by bolomen at the battle of Duero, Bohol, P.I., December 15, 1900.

The body was met at the depot by the boys who served in the 22nd Kansas during the Spanish-American war and those of the 44th U.S. volunteers and other Spanish American and Philippine war veterans, also a few civil war veterans. Acting Mayor H.O. Douglas and other citizens and friends of the dead soldier and mother and brother, J. H. Young. The body was taken to the undertaking room of the Oberlin Furniture Co., where it will remain until Sunday, October 27, when the funeral will be held at the Methodist church at 3 o'clock p.m., conducted by Rev. T.A. Meredith, pastor of the Christian church, assisted by all the other ministers of the city, and the body will be laid to rest in the Oberlin cemetery.

J. R. Young was born near Bell Center, Wis., November 11, 1899. In 1880 his parents moved to Rawlins county, where he grew up and went to school. Late in the fall of 1896 Jay and his mother moved to Oberlin, where they lived until Jay's enlistment early in May, 1898, at the opening of the Spanish-American war in the 22nd Kansas. Jay was in Company G, of which Clyde B. Parker was captain. He was at Camp Alger and made the trip with the regiment in the march down in Virginia, returning home when the regiment was mustered out in the fall of 1898. His discharge papers show an excellent record, and when volunteers were called for in the Philippine campaign, Jay re-enlisted Sept. 2, 1899, in the 44th Volunteers, Co. C, which left Leavenworth, Oct. 25 of that year for Manila. Upon arriving in Manila, Dec. 19, the regiment was divided, Co. C going upon the Island of Negros, and later transferred to the Island of Bohol.

Jay's Captain in speaking of Jay's soldier record said, "I would not ask for a better soldier, or a braver one. Never did man die a more heroic death than he."

Dec. 15, 1900, while the detachment of which Jay was one was passing through a narrow rocky defile, bolomen surprised them, killing three and wounding five. Jay only lived long enough to express his dying wishes, asking the Captain and Surgeon to write his mother.

Extracts from letters to Jay's mother, Mrs. Theadosia Young, from Jagna, P. I., dated January 1, 1901, and published in The Times March 8, 1901.

J. L. Anderson, Captain Co. C., 44th ... found Jay was mortally ...

Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Name: Jay R. Young
Rank: Pvt.
Regiment or Vessel: Co. C, 44th Inf. Vols.
Date of Death: Dec. 15, 1900
Killed at Duero, Bohol, P.I.
Rec'd S.F. on Dix, Sept 5, 1901.
Shipped to Mrs. Theadocia Young, mother, Oberlin, Kansas.
Info. taken from Old Card 8/31/54. ms 122705
Report of Interment, Jay R. Young, 44th Inf USV
Provided by Christopher McLatchey

Jay R. Young is on the second column, ninth line
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., https://www.hmdb.org/m.asp?m=66780

Photographed By William Fischer, Jr.

The remains of Jay R. Young, a soldier boy who was killed in the Philippines, arrived in Oberlin on Thursday for burial.
The young man was a brother of Court Stenographer Young of that place.
Phillipsburg Herald Phillipsburg, Kansas 26 Oct 1901, Sat, Page 3



Oberlin, Kan., Jan. 29 --- Dispatches received here from the War department say that Jay R. Young, private in Co. C, Forty-fourth volunteers, was killed at Duero, Bohol, Philippine Islands, December 15, in an engagement at that place. No particulars have been received.

Jay R. Young was a brother of Joseph H. Young, court reporter for Judge A. C. T. Geiger, in the Seventeenth district. The latest news received from Private Young was November 30, and at that time the regiment hoped to start home in January. Co. C had been in several engagements previous, Andrew McDonald of this city having been severely wounded by bolomen, but this is the first one from this locality killed.

There are a number of Oberlin boys in the regiment, five or six being in Co. C. (Topeka Weekly Capital ~ Friday ~ February 1, 1901 ~ Page 3)


CPL Jay R Young

Birth: 11 Nov 1876 Bell Center, Crawford County, Wisconsin, USA
Death: 15 Dec 1900 (aged 24) Philippines
Burial: Oberlin Cemetery Oberlin, Decatur County, Kansas, USA

Bio submitted by CRISTY from 1916 Oberlin newspaper:
"When the appeal for volunteers came in 1898, Jay enlisted in the 22nd Kansas and served until the war with Spain ended, when he was honorably discharged, but later re-enlisted in the 44th United States Volunteers. He was killed in battle in the Philippine Islands, December 15th, 1900, his body was returned and buried in the Oberlin cemetery, where his mother was laid to rest beside him on Sunday the 23rd of January 1916."

Family Members

Parents Theodosia Johnson Courtney Young 1831–1916

George F Courtney 1856–1938
James Lewis Courtney 1863–1936
Joseph Henry Young 1871–1938